Screening Tests for Sleep Apnea
Still not sure whether you’d benefit from getting a sleep test in Omaha? If you want to be extra sure, you can take what are known as screening tests. These are just simple quizzes that gauge the likelihood that you have sleep apnea.
These are not sleep tests–they won’t tell you if you have sleep apnea. Doctors just use them to decide whether or not to give a person a sleep test.
According to the American College of Cardiology, there are three commonly accepted screening tests for sleep apnea:
- STOP (BANG)
- Epworth Sleepiness Scale
- Four-variable screening tool
The easiest of these to administer is the STOP test. The acronym stands for Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apneas, and high blood Pressure. If you have two of the four, you’re at high risk. For more specificity, you can add on the BANG questions: BMI over 35? Age over 50? Neck circumference over 16 inches? Gender male? If you have three out of the eight, you’re at high risk.
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is eight self-administered questions where you rate your likelihood of falling asleep in the situation from 0-3. A score of 10 more indicates high sleep apnea risk.
The Four Variable (4-V) tool is a lot more math than the others. The four variables are gender, BMI, blood pressure, and snoring. The 4-V tool is more specific to sleep apnea, but it’s less sensitive. If you want to get into the math of it, check it out here.